Science Operations


The Large Binocular Telescope Observatory gratefully acknowledges Gemini Observatory for development of the Gemini Phase I Tool, from which the LBTO Phase I Tool is wholly derivative. LBTO thanks Gemini Observatory for providing both source code and expertise and for allowing the use and adaptation of the materials and webpages published by Gemini staff at

The Gemini Observatory is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil), and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina).

The original concept for the PIT is described in Gemini Preprint #28: “Gemini Phase I Science Proposal Entry Tool” and Proc. SPIE 3349, “Observatory Operations to Optimize Scientific Return”.